by Melissa Karnaze

DULOXETINE FOR SALE, There is a general consensus across human cultures that experience is constructed or at least facilitated by the physical senses, each of which relay through the brain.

The sentiment of Morpheus, buy generic DULOXETINE, Cheap DULOXETINE no rx, a character from the 1999 cyberpunk action thriller, The Matrix, purchase DULOXETINE, Effects of DULOXETINE, reflects our current understanding of the brain, and its importance in how we interface with reality:

“What is real, DULOXETINE blogs. My DULOXETINE experience, How do you define real. If you’re talking about what you can feel, buy DULOXETINE online cod, Taking DULOXETINE, what you can smell, what you can taste and see, order DULOXETINE no prescription, DULOXETINE overnight, then real is simply electrical signals interpreted by your brain.”

Clearly, our experience of the world and our lives relies heavily on our sensations and perceptions of events, buy cheap DULOXETINE, Buy DULOXETINE without a prescription, and our interface with the world—the (embodied) brain — is a unique blend of genetic information and experiential input. So an individual’s subjective experience with the events in their life accounts for their construction of “reality.”

How you perceive the world is how the world is to you, buying DULOXETINE online over the counter.

The physical reality as we perceive it is neither completely objective nor necessarily an accurate representation of what is actually “out there.”

This is because we have biological constraints on what we can perceive (a pigeon, for instance, can see ultraviolet colors that we cannot see), DULOXETINE FOR SALE. DULOXETINE description, This is also because we operate based on implicit or subconscious assumptions and expectations of what happens "out there" (the brain specializes in making predictions) — but these assumptions and expectations may not be accurate all of the time.

It is especially important for us to check their accuracy when they lead to emotional responses and behaviors — because our emotional responses and behaviors shape the way we perceive what is "out there" and directly influence how we co-create events in our life, order DULOXETINE online c.o.d. Herbal DULOXETINE, But just because emotions are influential in our lives doesn't mean that we need to fear their power.

Emotions have Evolutionary Value

In the past decade science has made extraordinary progress in studying the brain and the brain-body-culture connection — subjects which are of vital importance to our evolution as a species, DULOXETINE trusted pharmacy reviews. DULOXETINE FOR SALE, While our method for studying the brain (cognitive science) is rapidly improving, we still face many questions about the mind, or consciousness and subconsciousness. DULOXETINE images, With the advent of Affective Science, or the study of emotion, DULOXETINE results, DULOXETINE blogs, we are now able to explore human emotion and its unique symbiosis with thought. For centuries, fast shipping DULOXETINE, DULOXETINE duration, emotion has been chastised as the antagonist to reason, but evolutionarily speaking, buy cheap DULOXETINE no rx, Online buying DULOXETINE hcl, the limbic system was in place before neocortex arrived, and for good reason, DULOXETINE interactions.

The powerfully potent, quick response of the endocrine system effectively mobilizes an organism to essentially preserve itself when faced with danger. Additionally, it allows an organism to form social bonds, which then allow for extended caregiving, which then underpin complexities of society, culture, and civilization.

Some Emotions are Implicated in Cultural Practices, Which Don’t Always Have Evolutionary Value

Alternatively, however, socio-culturally programmed subconscious entanglements (i.e, DULOXETINE FOR SALE. dysfunctional belief systems) can also wire certain endocrine responses, which are potentially maladaptive. Such is the case where anger or fear are not contingent upon actual environmental or internal threats, yet escalate to catastrophic proportions.

But if we blame our “irrational” passions for our inability to effectively work with and manage our feelings — which are not inherently good or bad, but simply signals assigning value to information—we end up alienating ourselves from that which can truly teach us about why we behave in the ways we do.

Our emotions [emotion=thought+meaning(expressed as feeling)] trace back to belief systems entrenched within our subconscious—they reveal to us the programs from which we operate. We need DULOXETINE FOR SALE, them in order to understand why we act and react in certain ways. If they appear irrational, it’s only because they reflect irrational belief systems.

Where to Go From Here.

While we may not have figured out all the inner-workings of the mind, we can become more mindful of ourselves, our attitudes, our beliefs, and our appraisals — if we are willing and open to take a look at what we think and why we do. If we are willing to realize that our emotions have logic behind them and that they can teach us about the programs from which we are constantly and mostly subconsciously operating, then we see that it is our beliefs and our projections that (a) color the way we see the world "out there" and (b) influence our emotional responses and our behaviors.

Continue down the rabbit hole by signing up for the free e-class: Your Life is Your Construct.

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{ 10 comments… read them below or add one }

WN November 30, 2009 at 12:32 pm

The most terrifying image in all the Matrix movies is from the Animatrix– it’s in the “History” episodes where it portrays a man who is enslaved by the machines. The back of his head is cut open so the machine has access to his neuro-circuitry and it is able to manipulate this man’s emotional expressions simply by sending electrical impulses to different circuits. OMG! That scene still rattles me!

I think it was the first time that it really hit me how emotionally vulnerable we are. Emotions seem so “real” and “authentic” throughout childhood, yet… the above Morpheus quote…

On a tangent– have you heard about the 2000 discovery by Joseph LeDoux? In a nutshell, he discovered “each time a memory is used, it has to be restored as a new memory in order to be accessible later. The old memory is either not there or is inaccessible. In short, your memory about something is only as good as your last memory about it.”


I kind of think that this is how we condition ourselves into dysfunctional beliefs– by thinking that we are accessing memories which are really just mostly imagined by us. Our memories of our memories become so diluted from reality that we make up any old thing we want to make up about our past! Fertile ground for dysfunctional beliefs (or mindful contructs!) :)

Melissa Karnaze November 30, 2009 at 3:08 pm

WN, that scene definitely made me shudder! I felt the same vulnerability you describe. (Another one that disturbed me was when that group of men ravaged the woman who was actually a robot underneath.)

You may have already read it, but I think the vulnerability is a strength as well, because it allows us even more flexibility to learn and change, known in brain science as neuroplasticity.

Thanks for sharing that LeDoux link. I am familiar with the concept of reconsolidation and that eyewitness accounts are statistically not very reliable, have not looked into it much beyond that, but hope to in the future. I think you are definitely onto something about this being key in dysfunctional conditioning.

This is actually another reason why journaling is so so important in tracing those beliefs. When I go through things I’ve written about honestly, say a year ago — I can’t deny that I actually believed those things at that time because they are written on the page. Of course, looking back I can see how dysfunctional they were, but at the time it was all subconscious. Without the journal entry to jog a memory, it could remain hidden for years.

It’s like arguing. ;) You know how easy it is to remember “what you said” as a completely different version from what your opponent “remembers”? Well, recording the exchange can help straighten things out. :) Just as journaling helps to record the raw emotions and streams of consciousness.

The more that I learn about the constructive nature of the brain, the more I am reminded of Morpheus’s quote… and like you say, how the human mind is *fertile* ground for mindful contructs! :D

Max Peto January 10, 2010 at 11:42 am

I enjoyed your post, Melissa. This is because I agree with what you are saying, and I’m glad to see someone thinking about and sharing her evaluation of the nature of emotions with others.

More specifically, I agree that emotions are more-or-less automatic valuation responses to a stimulus, and that those responses can be changed by conscious thought, reasoning, consideration, and learning.

I thought you might be interested in an idea I’ve thought a lot about recently that is related to this post. My idea is related to the phenomenon that many people seemingly stop learning new things and exploring new experiences as they progress in age. My idea is a hypothesis that attempts to explain this: that people, during their, perhaps, first 20-30 years of life, accumulate positive associations with a set of activities (i.e. the “bar scene” or “video games” or “reading fiction novels”, etc.). Thus, as a person advances in age, they learn that they have a fairly small selection of activities they can participate in to experience happiness.

If a person has a reliable number of activities with which they’ve accumulated what I call “positive affect” which result in their enjoyment, they cease experiencing new things. That is, they consciously or unconsciously conclude “why should I try something new, when I’m pretty sure one of ‘the usual’ activities will make me happy?”.

While all well and good, there is one aspect of this situation that concerns me (both for myself, and for the optimization of happiness for other people). This concern is that many enjoyable activities have accumulated positive affect by little-to-no conscious decision-making on the part of the person. That is, all of us have experiences that were “managed” for us by our parents, teachers, and caregivers. Thus, to some extent, I think we have all “inherited” enjoyable activities from our youth – activities which, while enjoyable, may not be *the best* for us (i.e. drinking a dangerous amount of alcohol in a social scene, avoiding interacting people because we were picked on in school and are now shy, etc.).

I am now (and have been for about 2 years) in the process of consciously, and deliberately re-evaluating those activities I find enjoyable. As I discover alternative activities that can both be enjoyable *and* result in some possible future benefit to me (i.e. optimizing my happiness), I am replacing “old, enjoyable activities” with “new, enjoyable activities”. For example, I used to play video games in my youth, spending too much time on them (for my liking). However, in the past few years I have developed the habit of reading about health, diet, exercise, and longevity in the evenings while eating dinner or relaxing, rather than playing video games. I think it is intensely interesting to read about how the body works, and all the various chemicals, proteins, and pathways that are involved with life, much as I found video games to be intensely entertaining. However, my time spent studying biology, diet, exercise, and biochemistry is more likely to result in a future benefit to me, than is my experiences of playing video games (by my evaluation). That is, with accumulated knowledge of biology et al., I can better take care of my health (or the health of others), enabling me to enjoy my life to a greater extent or degree.

The central point of my personal story above is that I *changed my habit* and tried something new – I decided to read about health one evening, rather than play video games.

In summary, it seems to me that mindful exploration of the activities of existence, and full, long-term consideration of the implications of engaging in them, is required to optimize one’s lifetime happiness.

For a more lengthy discussion on lifetime happiness, and a possible mode of social organization to optimize it, visit my friends’, Paul and Kitty’s, webpage http://www.selfsip.org

Melissa Karnaze January 10, 2010 at 7:31 pm

Max, what a great story and hypothesis, thank you for sharing!

You are definitely onto something with many enjoyable activities having “accumulated positive affect by little-to-no conscious decision-making on the part of the person.” And even further, many of these “positive affects” are actually masking “more negative affects,” as a sort of distracting or even numbing-out defense mechanism.

Which is really ironic when you think about it, because why would people want to continuously tune-out their problems and pains — that they need to attend to in order to fix problems and maximize their happiness — when they could be partaking in genuinely gratifying and more substantial activities, that aren’t used as compulsions?

Ah, but then human denial is a complex onion. :P

I’m really inspired by your mindful look at how you want to invest your free time into your long-term health and well-being. It seems like there are always ways to sharpen our optimization of time, energy, and our other limited resources, and then, to figure out what optimization even means to us.

But there is a HUGE difference between understanding that potential, and simply playing video games, or going shopping for that matter.

I took a look at Paul and Kitty’s webpage, a lot of thought-stimulating information that broadens the concept of optimization and “lifetime happiness.” Thanks for sharing.

Max Peto January 10, 2010 at 7:54 pm

Hi Melissa,

I’m glad to hear you appreciated my comment.

Your extension on my thought: “many of these ‘positive affects’ are actually masking ‘more negative affects,’ as a sort of distracting or even numbing-out defense mechanism”, I agree with. I have heard people call it “evasion” or “evading reality, when they become conscious that some problem or internal conflict exists, but they choose not to expend the effort, and focus their mind, to resolve it. The psychotherapist and author Nathaniel Branden discusses the phenomenon of “evasion” in quite some detail in his books, such as “The Psychology of Self-Esteem”. It sounds like you’d be interested in these, if you haven’t already read them.

I also agree when you state that it would be in one’s best interest (maximizing happiness) to define, understand, and solve what is bothering one, rather than ‘evade’ it with some other activity.

Human denial is definitely a complex onion. For me, while I pay close attention to whether I’m doing it, it’s often difficult for me to tell. That is, I try to be extremely honest with myself, but even so, I find that sometimes I talk myself into things I don’t really believe (a seemingly strange possibility, to me).

I’m also glad to hear you being inspired by investing one’s time into long-term beneficial activities. I am in the process of writing a book on this subject (although it is currently more like a long series of brainstorms and essays). I found your having written a book to be interesting and I could identify with it, since I, too, think I have a lot of interesting ideas to discuss and share with others, and have thought of a book as a medium in which I could communicate them.

Finally, I’m glad to hear you visited http://www.selfsip.org. If you found this site interesting, you might also be interested in the public discussion at the Morelife Yahoo group. Given your inquisitiveness, intellectual honesty, and interest in self-improvement, I think the discussions there may be of great interest to you (and it would be of interest to me to hear your thoughts on the posts at this group).

The Morelife Yahoo group can be found here: http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/morelife/

Thanks for the consideration of your reply and feedback, Melissa.

Melissa Karnaze January 11, 2010 at 11:28 am

Max, “The Psychology of Self-Esteem” looks like a great read, thanks for the recommendation. :)

Yes, it’s really tricky to know when we’re evading, why, and what. I think it has a lot to do with the multidimensional nature of consciousness, and how complex our minds are. We can definitely make progress with what we’ve got though!

Thanks for the kind invitation to the Morelife Yahoo group, I’ll let you know if I have anything to contribute. :)

All the best finishing your book, what a great topic to explore. As well as a topic that we need more books on!

Dan December 7, 2010 at 10:11 am


Great read and discussion here. A friend recently linked me to the blog and I’m certainly enjoying it.

I’m especially intrigued by many coincidences of insight between the practical advice here based in cognitive psychology, and the teachings of esoteric, occult sciences which I’ve been studying as a hobby for a few years now. I’ve been focusing on the Qaballah, the visual symbolism found in the Tarot and the associations with Hebrew lore found therein.

This I’ve approached less in a strictly “spiritual” or divinatory manner as a majority of new-age types do, but more in terms of our cognitive experience of reality.

For instance, a key aspect of the Major Arcana, a set of 22 cards each corresponding to one of the 22 Hebrew letters, is the relationship between our active, self-conscious aspect and our receptive, sub-conscious experience.

As I keep reading here on the blog, the behaviors we partake in actively (what we decide to do) form a basis for our sub-conscious/emotional responses. These, in turn, affect the undercurrents to our behaviors, tending to perpetuate our “favorite” experiences each day, and help us to “evade” those things which we actively fear.

I’ve come to realize that these 22 cards (and the Hebrew alphabet by association) are essentially a guidebook describing the “programs” which inform our experiential reality. It’s quite remarkable! Could cultures prior to our own have already known of this intimate relationship between the active and subtle parts of our personalities, and documented it in such a manner?

I myself am currently reevaluating the role of video games in my life. They have been a part of my life for about 20 years now (revelation right there), and so my subconscious response to them is very strong. It is going to take a very in-depth and detailed method to extricate myself from that habit and follow up on my long-term goals.

Melissa Karnaze December 7, 2010 at 4:43 pm

Hi Dan, glad you found your way here!

Yes, I’ve seen links between the esoteric and the psyche, it is fascinating. What’s really exciting about today is that we are just now learning how intricately linked thoughts/reason and emotion/passion are. The two have been mostly dichotomized throughout history, and that very myth itself perpetuates an unhealthy disconnect between the subconscious and the conscious as well as body and mind. I’m interested in whether that understanding was written in between the lines in esoterica (and I haven’t found any compelling indication of that yet — at least not beyond general notions of “union”), or if we’d best reappraise it in that light. :)

Dan December 7, 2010 at 7:54 pm


Good to see you don’t dismiss the esoteric sciences, as is often the case. Humans didn’t always have laboratories and computational algorithms with which to test, communicate and record their theories!

That’s a great question, whether or not this intimate connection was well-understood by those who formulated the visual vocabulary present in the lore. The history of the tarot can be tricky to follow, and I’d have to revisit some texts to see if more specific evidence exists to support the idea.

Short of that, it does not take any leap of faith to come to the conclusion that the whole point of the tarot is to elucidate this relationship, in order that we may do exactly as this blog describes: live consciously, be responsive to our situation, maintain harmony with our internal compass by means of our actions, avoid delusion! The coincidences which this strain of understanding are too extreme.

For example, card VI is called “The Lovers”. It portrays Adam, appealing to Eve, who looks to the Archangel Michael watching over them in the Garden. As you said, the understanding is between the lines, and most would take the symbols at face value (extracting whatever pseudo-spiritual advice they can from it).

Yet the apparent meaning is that active self-consciousness (Adam) directly informs/influences the fabric of our receptive sub-conscious (Eve), and when the two are “In Love”, the sub-conscious is able to attune our personality to a transcendent sense of being (Archangel).

That transcendence is the state of being completely mind-full, inspired, at peace with ones self and the world, harmonized to fulfill their wishes in life. This is even symbolized as fire (the element associated with the angel) coming down the tree to Adam, as inspiration.

Our delusional states, however, make it extremely difficult to maintain this “marriage”. This is why we must first understand that it underpins all that we do.

Would love to talk more of this in the future.

Melissa Karnaze December 7, 2010 at 8:28 pm

Ah, well your description of that card fits nicely with the “marriage” I’m promoting here with respect to the inner world.

This general notion of union is healthy. Perhaps I’ve not delved enough to grasp more how-to or detailed instructions to be found, as I’ve found that the general use of symbolism tends to a simplified view, which may carry an overall positive message but in many ways lacks applicability to daily life — especially when life gets really hard. This type of research has been on my mind but I’ve mostly put it off because I’m simply too busy with other projects!

If you come across anything else interesting in your research, feel free to get in touch via the contact form or comments. :)

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